Understanding diabetic retinopathy

Eye exam

Are you aware of how diabetes can affect your eye health? Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that can develop in the eyes of people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The condition is caused when the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina in the back of the eye are damaged. Both eyes are usually affected.

When diabetic retinopathy first develops, it may show no symptoms. This is why regular eye exams are crucial, they allow for non-symptomatic eye conditions to be identified and treated earlier. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can result in blindness.

Some noticeable symptoms that may develop include seeing floaters or spots, blurred vision and difficulty seeing in the dark.

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the best way to practice prevention is to take your diabetes medication, watch your diet and blood sugar levels, keep your blood pressure under control, stay active and stay away from smoking and alcohol. The more your diabetes is out of control, the more likely you are to develop diabetic retinopathy.

If you have more questions about your eye health and how you can prevent vision loss, don’t hesitate to schedule an eye exam with your physician today.

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